The plosive consonants (قَلْقَقَةٌ) are pronounced with a slight addition of sound for a clear pronunciation, that is, they echo when they have sukoon. There are five plosives:
These letters are collected in the following word:
Qalqalah can be of two types:
a) Strong echoing (قَلْقَلَةُ كُبْرَى) — happens if there is a qalqalah letter with tashdeed at the end of a word and we stop at this word.
b) Medium echoing (قَلْقَلَةُ صُغْرَى) happens when we stop on a word which end with sukoon. Sukoon can be there because of a stop or it could be originally in that word.
c) Subtle echoing: (قَلْقَلَةُ صُغْرَى) can occur in the middle of a word or in the middle of a sentence.
Examples of strong echoing:
تَبَّتۡ یَدَاۤ أَبِی لَهَبࣲ وَتَبَّ
Examples of medium echoing:
Examples of subtle echoing:
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ
1. Find the letters of Qalqalah in surah At-Tin:
2. Find the letters of Qalqalah in surah Al-’Adiyat:
1. What is qalqalah?
2. How many letters does the rule qalqalah have?
3. How many types does it have?